New research has revealed a strong link between Salvador DalÃ and Leonardo da Vinci. According to a report by Guardian, an unpublished preparatory drawing for DalÃ’s painting from 1955 The sacrament of the last supper was probably inspired by the famous 15th century wall fresco by Leonardo da Vinci.
DalÃ’s drawing shows Christ, as in Leonardo’s painting, at the center of the composition. Although DalÃ’s latest painting, part of the collection of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, depicts a dreamlike scene set along the Catalan coast, the work borrows its basic structure from the representation of Leonardo, which comes much closer to its original biblical source in the subject.
This drawing and two other unpublished drawings “are important in that they reveal the artist’s creative process,” art historian Jean-Pierre Isbouts told the Guardian, adding: “They reveal DalÃ as a meticulous artist, contradicting his image of an exuberant surrealist who only paints whatever comes to mind.”
[Read about five expertsâ favorite works by Leonardo da Vinci.]
Other drawings for DalÃ’s paintings Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus), 1954, and Zurbaran Skull (1956) reveal how these works were influenced by works by 16th-century mathematician and architect Juan de Herrera and 17th-century artist Francisco de ZurbarÃ¡n. All three sketches are owned by Christopher Heath Brown, an American collector of DalÃ’s works on paper, and these and other pieces are featured in an forthcoming book co-authored by Isbouts and titled The DalÃ legacy: how an eccentric genius changed the art world and created a lasting legacy.